ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania
health
community

Trauma Admissions to the Intensive Care Unit at a Reference Hospital in Northwestern Tanzania.

Chalya, P. L., Gilyoma, J. M., Dass, R. M., Mchembe, M. D., Matasha, M., Mabula, J. B., Mbelenge, N. and Mahalu, W. (2011) Trauma Admissions to the Intensive Care Unit at a Reference Hospital in Northwestern Tanzania. Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine, 19. ISSN 1757-7241

[img]
Preview
PDF
Chalya(7).pdf - Other
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (0B)

Abstract

Major trauma has been reported to be a major cause of hospitalization and intensive care utilization worldwide and consumes a significant amount of the health care budget. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and treatment outcome of major trauma patients admitted into our ICU and to identify predictors of outcome. Between January 2008 and December 2010, a descriptive prospective study of all trauma admissions to a multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) of Bugando Medical Centre in Northwestern Tanzania was conducted. A total of 312 cases of major trauma were admitted in the ICU, representing 37.1% of the total ICU admissions. Males outnumbered females by a ratio of 5.5:1. Their median age was 27 years. Trauma admissions were almost exclusively emergencies (95.2%) and came mainly from the Accident and Emergency (60.6%) and Operating room (23.4%). Road traffic crash (RTC) was the most common cause of injuries affecting 70.8% of patients. Two hundred fourteen patients (68.6%) required surgical intervention. The overall ICU length of stay (LOS) for all trauma patients ranged from 1 to 59 days (median = 8 days). The median ICU length of hospital stay (LOS) for survivors and non-survivors were 8 and 5 days respectively. (P = 0.002). Mortality rate was 32.7%. Mortality rate of trauma patients was significantly higher than that of all ICU admissions (32.7% vs. 18.8%, P = 0.0012). According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, multiple injuries, severe head injuries and burns were responsible for a longer mean ICU stay (P < 0.001) whereas admission Glasgow Coma Score < 9, systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg, injury severity core >16, prolonged duration of loss of consciousness, delayed ICU admission (0.028), the need for ventilatory support and finding of space occupying lesion on computed tomography scan significantly influenced mortality (P < 0.001). Trauma resulting from road traffic crashes is a leading cause of intensive care utilization in our hospital. Urgent preventive measures targeting at reducing the occurrence of RTCs is necessary to reduce ICU trauma admissions in this region. Improved pre- and in-hospital care of trauma victims will improve the outcome of trauma patients admitted to our ICU.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Intensive Care Unit, Trauma Admissions, Prevalence, Injury Characteristics, Outcome, Tanzania
Subjects: ?? NCD5 ??
Divisions: ?? bugando ??
Depositing User: Users 61 not found.
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2013 08:26
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2013 08:26
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/1212

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics