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Clean Home-Delivery in Rural Southern Tanzania: Barriers, Influencers, and Facilitators

Shamba, D. D. , Schellenberg, J. , Penfold, S. C. , Mashasi, I. , Mrisho, M., Manzi, F. , Marchant, T. , Tanner, M. , Mshinda, H. , Schellenberg, D. and Hill, Z. (2013) Clean Home-Delivery in Rural Southern Tanzania: Barriers, Influencers, and Facilitators. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 31 (1). pp. 110-117. ISSN 1606-0997

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The study explored the childbirth-related hygiene and newborn care practices in home-deliveries in Southern
Tanzania and barriers to and facilitators of behaviour change. Eleven home-birth narratives and six focus group discussions were conducted with recently-delivering women; two focus group discussions were conducted with birth attendants. The use of clean cloth for delivery was reported as common in the birth narratives; however, respondents did not link its use to newborn’s health. Handwashing and wearing of gloves by birth attendants varied and were not discussed in terms of being important for newborn’s health, with few women giving reasons for this behaviour. The lack of handwashing and wearing of gloves was most commonly linked to the lack of water, gloves, and awareness. A common practice was the insertion
of any family member’s hands into the vagina of delivering woman to check labour progress before calling the birth attendant. The use of a new razor blade to cut the cord was near-universal; however, the cord was usually tied with a used thread due to the lack of knowledge and the low availability of clean thread. Applying something to the cord was near-universal and was considered essential for newborn’s health. Three hygiene practices were identified as needing improvement: family members inserting a hand into
the vagina of delivering woman before calling the birth attendant, the use of unclean thread, and putting
substances on the cord. Little is known about families conducting internal checks of women in labour, and more research is needed before this behaviour is targeted in interventions. The use of clean thread as cord-tie appears acceptable and can be addressed, using the same channels and methods that were used for successfully encouraging the use of new razor blade.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Clean Delivery, Handwashing, Formative research, Newborn, Tanzania, Birth control, health care, hygiene practices
Subjects: Health Systems > Surveillance, monitoring & evaluation
Health Systems > Quality of Care
Maternal & Neonatal Health > Obstetric care
Maternal & Neonatal Health > Neonatal Health
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Interventions
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2013 06:43
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2013 06:43

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