ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania

Animal-Related Injuries in a Resource-Limited Setting: Experiences from a Tertiary Health Institution in Northwestern Tanzania.

Gilyoma, J. M., Mabula, J. B. and Chalya, P. L. (2013) Animal-Related Injuries in a Resource-Limited Setting: Experiences from a Tertiary Health Institution in Northwestern Tanzania. World journal of emergency surgery : WJES, 8 (1). ISSN 1749-7922

Japhet_M_Gilyoma2.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (528kB)


Animal related injuries are a major but neglected emerging public health problem and contribute significantly to high morbidity and mortality worldwide. No prospective studies have been done on animal related injuries in our setting. This study was conducted to determine the management patterns and outcome of animal related injuries and their social impact on public health policy in the region. This was a descriptive prospective study of animal related injury patients that presented to Bugando Medical Centre between September 2007 and August 2011. Statistical data analysis was done using SPSS computer software version 17.0. A total of 452 (8.3%) animal-related injury patients were studied. The modal age group was 21-30 years. The male to female ratio was 2.1:1. Dog-bites (61.1%) were the most common injuries. Musculoskeletal (71.7%) region was the most frequent body region injured. Soft tissue injuries (92.5%) and fractures (49.1%) were the most common type of injuries sustained. Only 140 (31.0%) patients were hospitalized and most of them (97.1%) were treated surgically. Wound debridement was the most common procedure performed in 91.2% of patients. Postoperative complication rate was 15.9%, the commonest being surgical site infections (SSI) in 55.1% of patients. SSI was significantly associated with late presentation and open fractures (P < 0.001). The overall median duration of hospitalization was 16 days. Patients who had severe injuries, long bone fractures and those with hemiplegia stayed longer in the hospital (P < 0.001). Mortality rate was 10.2% and was significantly high in patients with severe injuries, severe head injury, tetanus and admission SBP < 90 mmHg (P < 0.001). The follow up of patients was poor. Animal related injuries constitute a major public health problem in our setting and commonly affect the young adult male in their economically productive age-group. Measures towards prevention and proper treatment and follow up are important in order to reduce morbidity and mortality resulting from this form of trauma.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Animal Related Injuries, Injury Patterns, Outcome, Tanzania
Subjects: Health Systems > Community Health
Non-communicable disease (NCD) > Injury & Accidents
Divisions: Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences (CUHAS)
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 13 May 2013 06:29
Last Modified: 13 May 2013 06:29

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics