ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania
health
community

Modelling the impact of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria on selection pressure for drug resistance.

Alexander, N., Sutherland, C., Roper, C., Cissé, B. and Schellenberg, D. (2007) Modelling the impact of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria on selection pressure for drug resistance. Malaria journal, 6 (9). pp. 1-6. ISSN 1475-2875

[img]
Preview
PDF
1475-2875-6-9.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (285kB)

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) is a promising intervention for malaria control, although there are concerns about its impact on drug resistance.

METHODS

The key model inputs are age-specific values for a) baseline anti-malarial dosing rate, b) parasite prevalence, and c) proportion of those treated with anti-malarials (outside IPT) who are infected. These are used to estimate the immediate effect of IPT on the genetic coefficient of selection (s). The scenarios modelled were year round IPT to infants in rural southern Tanzania, and three doses at monthly intervals of seasonal IPT in Senegal.

RESULTS

In the simulated Tanzanian setting, the model suggests a high selection pressure for drug resistance, but that IPTi would only increase this by a small amount (4.4%). The percent change in s is larger if parasites are more concentrated in infants, or if baseline drug dosing is less common or less specific. If children aged up to five years are included in the Tanzanian scenario then the predicted increase in s rises to 31%. The Senegalese seasonal IPT scenario, in children up to five years, results in a predicted increase in s of 16%.

CONCLUSION

There is a risk that the useful life of drugs will be shortened if IPT is implemented over a wide childhood age range. On the other hand, IPT delivered only to infants is unlikely to appreciably shorten the useful life of the drug used.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: preventive treatment, malaria, drug resistance, malaria control, Tanzania, drug dosing
Subjects: Malaria > Diagnosis & treatment
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Biomedical
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2012 08:43
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2012 15:57
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/142

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics