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Antiretroviral Treatment Knowledge and Stigma--Implications for Programs and HIV Treatment Interventions in Rural Tanzanian Populations.

Agnarson, A. M., Levira, F., Masanja, H., Ekström, A. M. and Thorson, A. (2013) Antiretroviral Treatment Knowledge and Stigma--Implications for Programs and HIV Treatment Interventions in Rural Tanzanian Populations. PloS one, 8 (1). e53993. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

To analyse antiretroviral treatment (ART) knowledge and HIV- and ART-related stigma among the adult population in a rural Tanzanian community. Population-based cross-sectional survey of 694 adults (15-49 years of age). Latent class analysis (LCA) categorized respondents' levels of ART knowledge and of ART-related stigma. Multinomial logistic regression assessed the association between the levels of ART knowledge and HIV- and ART-related stigma, while controlling for the effects of age, gender, education, marital status and occupation. More than one-third of men and women in the study reported that they had never heard of ART. Among those who had heard of ART, 24% were east informed about ART, 8% moderately informed, and 68% highly informed. Regarding ART-related stigma, 28% were least stigmatizing, 41% moderately stigmatizing, and 31% highly stigmatizing toward persons taking ART. Respondents that had at least primary education were more likely to have high levels of knowledge about ART (OR 3.09, 95% CI 1.61-5.94). Participants highly informed about ART held less HIV- and ART-related stigma towards ART patients (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.09-0.74). The lack of ART knowledge is broad, and there is a strong association between ART knowledge and individual education level. These are relevant findings for both HIV prevention and HIV treatment program interventions that address ART-related stigma across the entire spectrum of the community.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Antiretroviral Treatment, HIV Treatment, ART-related stigma, Tanzania
Subjects: HIV > Treatment
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Other IHI Subjects
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 07:16
Last Modified: 16 May 2013 07:16
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/1423

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