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Factors Influencing Exclusive Breastfeeding Among HIV Positive Mothers at Ilala Municipality Dar es Salaam

Saka, F. J. (2012) Factors Influencing Exclusive Breastfeeding Among HIV Positive Mothers at Ilala Municipality Dar es Salaam. Masters thesis, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences.

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Abstract

Exclusive breast feeding practices to infants from birth to six months of age are declining as their age increases despite the associated benefits. Knowledge on the factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding among HIV positive mothers will create awareness on feeding practices that are risk to the infant’s health. To determine factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding among HIV positive mothers of infants aged 6-12 months old attending Reproductive and child Health clinic and care and treatment clinic at Ilala Municipality. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among HIV positive mothers with infants aged 6-12 months at three health facilities of Ilala Municipality namely: Amana hospital, Mnazi Mmoja and Buguruni Health Centres. Both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods were used. A questionnaire was administered to 200 HIV positive mothers to collect information and to characterize infants feeding practices. In depth Interview guide was used to explore infant feeding practices to five mothers of the same group. Exclusive breastfeeding was reported to be 46%. The other feeding practices reported were: mixed feeding 14% and exclusive replacement feeding 6%. Prelacteal and early complementary feeding was reported to be 34%. Exclusive breastfeeding practice was influenced mainly by health workers and mother’s perception that breast milk is sufficient for infant’s body requirements for the first six months of life. Early cessation of breastfeeding was reported to be result of mother’s fear of infecting the child and also infant’s HIV test results being negative after DNA-PCR test. However, lack of HIV status disclosure, breast problem, family and social pressures were found to be barriers in practicing exclusive breastfeeding. HIV positive mothers are faced with multiple challenges as they strive to practice exclusive breastfeeding. Despite nearly half of the mothers reporting practicing exclusive breastfeeding, the rates are still not satisfactory. More extensive and comprehensive approach of infant feeding counseling that embrace all stakeholders, with emphasis to significant others should be put in place in order to increase exclusive breastfeeding rates.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Keywords: Exclusive Breastfeeding, HIV Positive Mothers, Ilala, Dar es Salaam
Subjects: HIV > PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission)
Divisions: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS)
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2013 13:15
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2013 13:15
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/1662

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