ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania

How Much Time do Health Services Spend on Antenatal Care? Implications for the Introduction of the Focused Antenatal Care Model in Tanzania.

von Both, C., Flessa, S., Makuwani, A., Mpembeni, R. and Jahn, A. (2006) How Much Time do Health Services Spend on Antenatal Care? Implications for the Introduction of the Focused Antenatal Care Model in Tanzania. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 6. p. 22. ISSN 1471-2393

Claudia_von_Both.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (271kB)


Antenatal care (ANC) is a widely used strategy to improve the health of pregnant women and to encourage skilled care during childbirth. In 2002, the Ministry of Health of the United Republic of Tanzania developed a national adaptation plan based on the new model of the World Health Organisation (WHO). In this study we assess the time health workers currently spent on providing ANC services and compare it to the requirements anticipated for the new ANC model in order to identify the implications of Focused ANC on health care providers' workload. Health workers in four dispensaries in Mtwara Urban District, Southern Tanzania, were observed while providing routine ANC. The time used for the overall activity as well as for the different, specific components of 71 ANC service provisions was measured in detail; 28 of these were first visits and 43 revisits. Standard time requirements for the provision of focused ANC were assessed through simulated consultations based on the new guidelines. The average time health workers currently spend for providing ANC service to a first visit client was found to be 15 minutes; the provision of ANC according to the focused ANC model was assessed to be 46 minutes. For a revisiting client the difference between current practise and the anticipated standard of the new model was 27 minutes (9 vs. 36 min.). The major discrepancy between the two procedures was related to counselling. On average a first visit client was counselled for 1:30 minutes, while counselling in revisiting clients did hardly take place at all. The simulation of focused ANC revealed that proper counselling would take about 15 minutes per visit. While the introduction of focused ANC has the potential to improve the health of pregnant women and to raise the number of births attended by skilled staff in Tanzania, it may need additional investment in human resources. The generally anticipated saving effect of the new model through the reduction of routine consultations may not materialise because the number of consultations is already low in Tanzania with a median of only 4 visits per pregnancy. Special attention needs to be given to counselling attitudes and skills during the training for Focused ANC as this component is identified as the major difference between old practise and the new model. Our estimated requirement of 46 minutes per first visit consultation matches well with the WHO estimate of 40 minutes.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Antenatal, Pregnancy, Women, Childbirth, Health Care Provider, Dispernsaries, Mtwara,Tanzania
Subjects: Health Systems > Quality of Care
Maternal & Neonatal Health > Antenatal care
Divisions: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS)
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2013 11:47
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2013 11:47

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics