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Polyantigenic Interferon-γ Responses are Associated with Protection from TB Among HIV-Infected Adults with Childhood BCG Immunization.

Lahey, T., Mitchell, B. K., Arbeit, R. D., Sheth, S., Matee, M., Horsburgh, C. R., MacKenzie, T., Mtei, L., Bakari, M., Vuola, J. M., Pallangyo, K. and von Reyn, C. F. (2011) Polyantigenic Interferon-γ Responses are Associated with Protection from TB Among HIV-Infected Adults with Childhood BCG Immunization. PloS one, 6 (7). e22074. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Surrogate immunologic markers for natural and vaccine-mediated protection against tuberculosis (TB) have not been identified. HIV-infected adults with childhood BCG immunization entering the placebo arm of the DarDar TB vaccine trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, were assessed for interferon gamma (IFN-γ) responses to three mycobacterial antigen preparations--secreted Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens 85 (Ag85), early secretory antigenic target 6 (ESAT-6) and polyantigenic whole cell lysate (WCL). We investigated the association between the number of detectable IFN-γ responses at baseline and the subsequent risk of HIV-associated TB. During a median follow-up of 3.3 years, 92 (9.4%) of 979 placebo recipients developed TB. The incidence of TB was 14% in subjects with no detectable baseline IFN-γ responses vs. 8% in subjects with response to polyantigenic WCL (P = 0.028). Concomitant responses to secreted antigens were associated with further reduction in the incidence of HIV-associated TB. Overall the percentage of subjects with 0, 1, 2 and 3 baseline IFN-γ responses to mycobacterial preparations who developed HIV-associated TB was 14%, 8%, 7% and 4%, respectively (P = 0.004). In a multivariate Cox regression model, the hazard of developing HIV-associated TB was 46% lower with each increment in the number of detectable baseline IFN-γ responses (P<0.001). Among HIV-infected adults who received BCG in childhood and live in a TB-endemic country, polyantigenic IFN-γ responses are associated with decreased risk of subsequent HIV-associated TB. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT0052195.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Polyantigenic, Interferon-c, BCG Immunization, HIV, Tuberculosis
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Surveillance
Tuberculosis > Vaccines
Divisions: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS)
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2013 13:31
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2013 13:31
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/1695

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