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A Resting Box for Outdoor Sampling of Adult Anopheles Arabiensis in Rice Irrigation Schemes of Lower Moshi, Northern Tanzania.

Kweka, E. J., Mwang'onde, B. J., Kimaro, E., Msangi, S., Massenga, C. P. and Mahande, A. M. (2009) A Resting Box for Outdoor Sampling of Adult Anopheles Arabiensis in Rice Irrigation Schemes of Lower Moshi, Northern Tanzania. Malaria journal, 8. p. 82. ISSN 1475-2875

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Abstract

Malaria vector sampling is the best method for understanding the vector dynamics and infectivity; thus, disease transmission seasonality can be established. There is a need to protecting humans involved in the sampling of disease vectors during surveillance or in control programmes. In this study, human landing catch, two cow odour baited resting boxes and an unbaited resting box were evaluated as vector sampling tools in an area with a high proportion of Anopheles arabiensis, as the major malaria vector. Three resting boxes were evaluated against human landing catch. Two were baited with cow odour, while the third was unbaited. The inner parts of the boxes were covered with black cloth materials. Experiments were arranged in latin-square design. Boxes were set in the evening and left undisturbed; mosquitoes were collected at 06:00 am the next morning, while human landing catch was done overnight. A total of 9,558 An. arabiensis mosquitoes were collected. 17.5% (N = 1668) were collected in resting box baited with cow body odour, 42.5% (N = 4060) in resting box baited with cow urine, 15.1% (N = 1444) in unbaited resting box and 24.9% (N = 2386) were collected by human landing catch technique. In analysis, the house positions had no effect on the density of mosquitoes caught (DF = 3, F = 0.753, P = 0.387); the sampling technique had significant impact on the caught mosquitoes densities (DF = 3, F 37. 944, P < 0.001). Odour-baited resting boxes have shown the possibility of replacing the existing traditional method (human landing catch) for sampling malaria vectors in areas with a high proportion of An. arabiensis as malaria vectors. Further evaluations of fermented urine and longevity of the urine odour still need to be investigated.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Malaria Vector, Anopheles Arabiensis, Malaria Control,Malaria Transmission, Moshi, Tanzania
Subjects: Malaria > Vector control
Divisions: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2013 13:34
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2013 13:34
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/1807

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