ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania
health
community

Self-Reported Occupational Exposure to HIV and Factors Influencing its Management Practice: A Study of Healthcare Workers in Tumbi and Dodoma Hospitals, Tanzania.

Mashoto, K. O., Mubyazi, G. M., Mohamed, H. and Malebo, H. M. (2013) Self-Reported Occupational Exposure to HIV and Factors Influencing its Management Practice: A Study of Healthcare Workers in Tumbi and Dodoma Hospitals, Tanzania. BMC health services research, 13. p. 276. ISSN 1472-6963

[img]
Preview
PDF
Kijakazi_O_Mashoto.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (148kB)

Abstract

Blood borne infectious agents such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immune deficiency virus (HIV) constitute a major occupational hazard for healthcare workers (HCWs). To some degree it is inevitable that HCWs sustain injuries from sharp objects such as needles, scalpels and splintered bone during execution of their duties. However, in Tanzania, there is little or no information on factors that influence the practice of managing occupational exposure to HIV by HCWs. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of self-reported occupational exposure to HIV among HCWs and explore factors that influence the practice of managing occupational exposure to HIV by HCWs in Tanzania. Self-administered questionnaire was designed to gather information of healthcare workers' occupational exposures in the past 12 months and circumstances in which these injuries occurred. Practice of managing occupational exposure was assessed by the following questions: Nearly half of the HCWs had experienced at least one occupational injury in the past 12 months. Though most of the occupational exposures to HIV were experienced by female nurses, non-medical hospital staff received PEP more frequently than nurses and doctors. Doctors and nurses frequently encountered occupational injuries in surgery room and labor room respectively. HCWs with knowledge on the possibility of HIV transmission and those who knew whom to contact in event of occupational exposure to HIV were less likely to have poor practice of managing occupational exposure. Needle stick injuries and splashes are common among HCWs at Tumbi and Dodoma hospitals. Knowledge of the risk of HIV transmission due to occupational exposure and knowing whom to contact in event of exposure predicted practice of managing the exposure. Thus provision of health education on occupational exposure may strengthen healthcare workers' practices to manage occupational exposure.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: HIV, Occupational Exposure, Healthcare workers, Human resource management, blood infections,
Subjects: HIV > Surveillance
HIV > Prevention
Divisions: National Institute for Medical Research
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2014 06:22
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2014 06:22
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/1916

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics