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Mycobacteria in Terrestrial Small Mammals on Cattle Farms in Tanzania.

Durnez, L., Katakweba, A., Sadiki, H., Katholi, C. R., Kazwala, R. R., Machang'u, R. R., Portaels, F. and Leirs, H. (2011) Mycobacteria in Terrestrial Small Mammals on Cattle Farms in Tanzania. Veterinary medicine international, 2011. p. 495074. ISSN 2042-0048

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Abstract

The control of bovine tuberculosis and atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in developing countries is important but difficult because of the existence of wildlife reservoirs. In cattle farms in Tanzania, mycobacteria were detected in 7.3% of 645 small mammals and in cow's milk. The cattle farms were divided into "reacting" and "nonreacting" farms, based on tuberculin tests, and more mycobacteria were present in insectivores collected in reacting farms as compared to nonreacting farms. More mycobacteria were also present in insectivores as compared to rodents. All mycobacteria detected by culture and PCR in the small mammals were atypical mycobacteria. Analysis of the presence of mycobacteria in relation to the reactor status of the cattle farms does not exclude transmission between small mammals and cattle but indicates that transmission to cattle from another source of infection is more likely. However, because of the high prevalence of mycobacteria in some small mammal species, these infected animals can pose a risk to humans, especially in areas with a high HIV-prevalence as is the case in Tanzania.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Atypical Mycobacteria, Terrestrial Small Mammals, Cattle Farms, Bovine Tuberculosis, Tanzania
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Diagnosis
Divisions: Other
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2013 07:32
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2013 07:32
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/1980

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