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Cost-effectiveness of malaria intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) in Mozambique and the United Republic of Tanzania.

Hutton, G., Schellenberg, D., Tediosi, F., Macete, E., Kahigwa, E., Sigauque, B., Mas, X., Trapero, M., Tanner, M., Trilla, A., Alonso, P. and Menendez, C. (2009) Cost-effectiveness of malaria intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) in Mozambique and the United Republic of Tanzania. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87 (2). pp. 123-129. ISSN 1564-0604

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate the cost-effectiveness of malaria intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP).

METHODS

In two previous IPTi trials in Ifakara (United Republic of Tanzania) and Manhiça (Mozambique), SP was administered three times to infants before 9 months of age through the Expanded Programme on Immunization. Based on the efficacy results of the intervention and on malaria incidence in the target population, an estimate was made of the number of clinical malaria episodes prevented. This number and an assumed case-fatality rate of 1.57% were used, in turn, to estimate the number of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) averted and the number of deaths averted. The cost of the intervention, including start-up and recurrent costs, was then assessed on the basis of these figures.

FINDINGS

The cost per clinical episode of malaria averted was US$ 1.57 (range: US$ 0.8-4.0) in Ifakara and US$ 4.73 (range: US$ 1.7-30.3) in Manhiça; the cost per DALY averted was US$ 3.7 (range: US$ 1.6-12.2) in Ifakara and US$ 11.2 (range: US$ 3.6-92.0) in Manhiça; and the cost per death averted was US$ 100.2 (range: US$ 43.0-330.9) in Ifakara and US$ 301.1 (range: US$ 95.6-2498.4) in Manhiça.

CONCLUSION

From the health system and societal perspectives, IPTi with SP is expected to produce health improvements in a cost-effective way. From an economic perspective, it offers good value for money for public health programmes.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Malaria prevention, malaria treatment, Mozambique, Tanzania, Sulfadoxine Pyrimethanmine
Subjects: Biomedical Science > Immunology
Malaria > Surveillance, monitoring, evaluation
Malaria > Vaccines
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Biomedical
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2012 14:41
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2012 15:57
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/215

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