ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania
health
community

Trauma history and depression predict incomplete adherence to antiretroviral therapies in a low income country.

Whetten, K., Shirey, K., Pence, B. W., Yao, J., Thielman, N., Whetten, R., Adams, J., Agala, B., Ostermann, J., O'Donnell, K., Hobbie, A., Maro, V., Itemba, D. and Reddy, E. (2013) Trauma history and depression predict incomplete adherence to antiretroviral therapies in a low income country. PloS one, 8 (10). e74771. ISSN 1932-6203

[img]
Preview
PDF
Kathryn_Whetten.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (158kB)

Abstract

As antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV becomes increasingly available in low and middle income countries (LMICs), understanding reasons for lack of adherence is critical to stemming the tide of infections and improving health. Understanding the effect of psychosocial experiences and mental health symptomatology on ART adherence can help maximize the benefit of expanded ART programs by indicating types of services, which could be offered in combination with HIV care. The Coping with HIV/AIDS in Tanzania (CHAT) study is a longitudinal cohort study in the Kilimanjaro Region that included randomly selected HIV-infected (HIV+) participants from two local hospital-based HIV clinics and four free-standing voluntary HIV counselling and testing sites. Baseline data were collected in 2008 and 2009; this paper used data from 36 month follow-up interviews (N = 468). Regression analyses were used to predict factors associated with incomplete self-reported adherence to ART. INCOMPLETE ART ADHERENCE WAS SIGNIFICANTLY MORE LIKELY TO BE REPORTED AMONGST PARTICIPANTS WHO EXPERIENCED A GREATER NUMBER OF CHILDHOOD TRAUMATIC EVENTS: sexual abuse prior to puberty and the death in childhood of an immediate family member not from suicide or homicide were significantly more likely in the non-adherent group and other negative childhood events trended toward being more likely. Those with incomplete adherence had higher depressive symptom severity and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In multivariable analyses, childhood trauma, depression, and financial sacrifice remained associated with incomplete adherence.
This is the first study to examine the effect of childhood trauma, depression and PTSD on HIV medication adherence in a low income country facing a significant burden of HIV. Allocating spending on HIV/AIDS toward integrating mental health services with HIV care is essential to the creation of systems that enhance medication adherence and maximize the potential of expanded antiretroviral access to improve health and reduce new infections.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Trauma,depression, Antiretroviral therapies, HIV/AIDS, Tanzania
Subjects: HIV > Treatment
Divisions: Other
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2013 07:18
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2013 07:18
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/2230

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics