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Risk Factors for Mortality among HIV-Positive Patients with and Without Active Tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Mugusi, S. F., Ngaimisi, E., Janabi, M. Y., Mugusi, F. M., Minzi, O. M. S., Sasi, P. G., Bakari, M., Lindquist, L., Aklillu, E. and Sandstrom, E. G. (2012) Risk Factors for Mortality among HIV-Positive Patients with and Without Active Tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Antiviral therapy, 17 (2). pp. 265-74. ISSN 2040-2058

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe risk factors for mortality and clinical characteristics of HIV-infected patients with and without tuberculosis (TB) coinfection. A cohort of HIV-infected patients with CD4(+) T-cell counts of ≤200 cells/μl was recruited, consisting of 255 HIV-infected patients without active TB and 231 patients with active TB. All received a well-supervised treatment with an efavirenz-based HAART, and those coinfected with TB received appropriate anti-TB treatment. They were followed up for 48 weeks after HAART initiation. Common presenting symptoms in HIV-only patients were fever (36.5%), headache (34.5%), skin rash (34.5%) and weight loss (32%), while in HIV-TB patients the symptoms were weight loss (58%), cough (57.6%), night sweats (44.6%) and fever (34.2%). HIV-TB patients had significantly lower body mass index, Karnofsky scores and haemoglobin levels compared to those infected with HIV only, despite similar baseline CD4(+) T-cell counts. Overall, 12 (4.7%) HIV patients developed TB and 7 (3%) HIV-TB patients had worsening of their TB symptoms during the study period. Mortality was similar in the two groups, being 10.9% (16 deaths per 100 person years) and 11.3% (17 deaths per 100 person years) in HIV-only and HIV-TB patients, respectively. Overall, more males (13.1%) died compared to females (9.6%). Predictors of mortality were presence of oral candidiasis, Kaposi's sarcoma, low Karnofsky score, and low baseline white blood cell and CD4(+) T-cell counts. The outcomes following well-supervised treatment of HIV-TB patients are similar to those in patients with HIV alone. Predictors of mortality were those of advanced disease.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: HIV-positive, Tuberculosis, CD4(+) T-cell counts, HIV/AIDS, Tanzania
Subjects: HIV > Surveillance
Divisions: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS)
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2013 09:21
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2013 09:21
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/2276

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