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Citywide Trauma Experience in Mwanza, Tanzania: A Need for Urgent Intervention.

Chalya, P. L., Dass, R. M., McHembe, M. D., Mbelenge, N., Ngayomela, I. H., Chandika, A. B., Gilyoma, J. M. and Mabula, J. B. (2013) Citywide Trauma Experience in Mwanza, Tanzania: A Need for Urgent Intervention. Journal of trauma management & outcomes, 7 (1). p. 9. ISSN 1752-2897

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Abstract

Trauma remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in resource limited countries. There is paucity of published reports on trauma care in Tanzania, particularly the study area. This study was carried out to describe our experiences in trauma management outlining the etiological spectrum, injury characteristics and treatment outcome of trauma patients at our local setting and compare our results with those from other centers in the world. A descriptive prospective study of trauma patients was conducted at Bugando Medical Centre from April 2010 to March 2012. Statistical data analysis was done using SPSS software version 17.0. A total of 5672 trauma patients were enrolled in the study. The male to female ratio was 2.3: 1. The majority of patients were in the 2nd decade of life. Road traffic accident was the most common cause of trauma accounting for 60.7% of cases. The majority of patients (76.6%) sustained blunt injuries. Musculoskeletal (68.5%) and head/neck (52.6%) were the most frequent body region injured. Soft tissue injuries (open wounds) and fractures were the most common injuries accounting for 82.8% and 76.8% respectively. Majority of patients (74.4%) were treated surgically with wound debridement (94.0%) being the most frequently performed procedure. Postoperative complications were recorded in 31.5% of cases.The overall median duration of hospitalization was 26 days (range 1 day to 144 days). Mortality rate was 16.7%. Patients who had polytrauma, burn injuries and those who had tetanus and long bone fractures stayed longer in the hospital and this was statistically significant (P < 0.001), whereas the age > 65 years, severe trauma, admission Systolic Blood Pressure < 90 mmHg, presence of tetanus, severe head injury, the duration of loss of consciousness, the need for intensive care unit admission and finding of space occupying lesion on CT scan of the brain significantly influenced mortality (P < 0.001). Trauma resulting from road traffic accidents remains a major public health problem in this part of Tanzania. Urgent preventive measures targeting at reducing the occurrence of road traffic accidents is necessary to reduce the incidence of trauma in this region.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Morbidity, Mortality, Etiological spectrum, Injuries, Bugando, Mwanza, bone Treatment, road accidentsTanzania
Subjects: ?? NCD5 ??
Divisions: ?? bugando ??
Depositing User: Users 61 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2014 06:00
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2014 06:00
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/2464

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