ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania
health
community

An Experimental Hut Evaluation of Olyset Nets against Anopheline Mosquitoes after Seven years use in Tanzanian Villages.

Malima, R. C., Magesa, S. M., Tungu, P. K., Mwingira, V., Magogo, F. S., Sudi, W., Mosha, F. W., Curtis, C. F., Maxwell, C. and Rowland, M. (2008) An Experimental Hut Evaluation of Olyset Nets against Anopheline Mosquitoes after Seven years use in Tanzanian Villages. Malaria Journal. ISSN 1475-2875

[img]
Preview
PDF
Robert_C_Malima.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (0B)

Abstract

Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are advocated by WHO for protection against malaria. Of the three brands of LLINs currently approved by WHO, Olyset(R) is the only one currently granted full recommendation. With this type of LLIN, the insecticide (permethrin) is incorporated into the polyethylene fibre during manufacture and diffuses from the core to the surface, thereby maintaining surface concentrations. It has not been determined for how long Olyset nets remain protective against mosquitoes in household use. Examples of Olyset nets, which had been in use in Tanzanian villages for seven years, were tested in experimental huts against naturally entering Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus mosquitoes. Performance was compared with new Olyset nets, conventionally treated ITNs (either newly treated with alphacypermethrin or taken from local villages after 1.5 years of use) and untreated nets. All nets were artificially holed except for the seven-year Olyset nets, which had developed holes during prolonged domestic use. Anopheles funestus and An. gambiae in NE Tanzania are susceptible to pyrethroids. The new Olyset nets caused high mortality against An. funestus (73.9%) and An. gambiae (62.7%) in experimental huts. The seven-year Olyset nets caused 58.9% mortality against An. funestus and 40.0% mortality against An. gambiae. The freshly treated alphacypermethrin nets also caused high mortality against An. funestus (70.6%) and An. gambiae (72.0%); this decreased to 58.4% and 69.6% respectively after 1.5 years of use. The new Olyset nets inhibited blood-feeding by 40-50%. The 7 year Olyset nets showed no feeding inhibition over that shown by the untreated nets. The alphacypermethrin treated nets failed to inhibit blood-feeding after 1.5 years of use. However iHhhdn laboratory tunnel tests samples of all types of treated net including the 7 year Olyset inhibited blood-feeding by more than 95%. After seven years of use Olyset nets were still strongly insecticidal. Mosquito mortality decreased by only 20-35% over this period. However, Olyset would not provide personal protection after seven years unless it was in good condition and all holes fully repaired.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Anopheline mosquitoes, Malaria, Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), Mosquito, Anopheles, Tanzania
Subjects: ?? M2 ??
Divisions: ?? kcmc ??
Depositing User: Users 61 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2014 09:00
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2014 09:00
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/2538

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics