Acosta, C. J., Galindo, C. M., Kimario, J., Senkoro, K., Urassa, H., Casals, C., Corachán, M., Eseko, N., Tanner, M., Mshinda, H., Lwilla, F., Vila, J. and Alonso, P. L. (2001) Cholera outbreak in southern Tanzania: risk factors and patterns of transmission. Emerging infectious diseases, 7 (3 Supp). pp. 583-587. ISSN 1080-6040
11485679.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.
To identify risk factors and describe the pattern of spread of the 1997 cholera epidemic in a rural area (Ifakara) in southern Tanzania, we conducted a prospective hospital-based, matched case- control study, with analysis based on the first 180 cases and 360 matched controls. Bathing in the river, long distance to water source, and eating dried fish were significantly associated with risk for cholera. Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1, biotype El Tor, serotype Ogawa, was isolated in samples from Ifakara's main water source and patients' stools. DNA molecular analyses showed identical patterns for all isolates.
|Keywords:||Cholera,Ifakara, Tanzania, transmission of cholera,Disease Outbreaks|
|Subjects:||Health Systems > Surveillance, monitoring & evaluation|
|Divisions:||Ifakara Health Institute > Biomedical|
|Depositing User:||Mr Joseph Madata|
|Date Deposited:||10 Sep 2012 07:38|
|Last Modified:||10 Sep 2012 07:38|
Actions (login required)
Downloads per month over past year