ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania

Provider Attitudes toward the Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Scale-Up in Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

Mavhu, W., Frade, S., Yongho, A.-M., Farrell, M., Hatzold, K., Machaku, M., Onyango, M., Mugurungi, O., Fimbo, B., Cherutich, P., Rech, D., Castor, D., Njeuhmeli, E. and Bertrand, J. T. (2014) Provider Attitudes toward the Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Scale-Up in Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. PloS one, 9 (5). e82911. ISSN 1932-6203

Webster_Mavhu.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (191kB)


Countries participating in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) scale-up have adopted most of six elements of surgical efficiency, depending on national policy. However, effective implementation of these elements largely depends on providers' attitudes and subsequent compliance. We explored the concordance between recommended practices and providers' perceptions toward the VMMC efficiency elements, in part to inform review of national policies. As part of Systematic Monitoring of the VMMC Scale-up (SYMMACS), we conducted a survey of VMMC providers in Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. SYMMACS assessed providers' attitudes and perceptions toward these elements in 2011 and 2012. A restricted analysis using 2012 data to calculate unadjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the country effect on each attitudinal outcome was done using logistic regression. As only two countries allow more than one cadre to perform the surgical procedure, odds ratios looking at country effect were adjusted for cadre effect for these two countries. Qualitative data from open-ended responses were used to triangulate with quantitative analyses. This analysis showed concordance between each country's policies and provider attitudes toward the efficiency elements. One exception was task-shifting, which is not authorized in South Africa or Zimbabwe; providers across all countries approved this practice. The decision to adopt efficiency elements is often based on national policies. The concordance between the policies of each country and provider attitudes bodes well for compliance and effective implementation. However, study findings suggest that there may be need to consult providers when developing national policies.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Male circumcision, VMMC Scale-up, HIV prevention, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe
Subjects: HIV > Prevention
Divisions: Other
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 28 May 2014 05:43
Last Modified: 28 May 2014 05:43

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics