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Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing.

Maia, M. F. and Moore, S. J. (2011) Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing. Malaria journal, 4 (124). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1475-2875

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Abstract

ABSTRACT : Plant-based repellents have been used for generations in traditional practice as a personal protection measure against host-seeking mosquitoes. Knowledge on traditional repellent plants obtained through ethnobotanical studies is a valuable resource for the development of new natural products. Recently, commercial repellent products containing plant-based ingredients have gained increasing popularity among consumers, as these are commonly perceived as "safe" in comparison to long-established synthetic repellents although this is sometimes a misconception. To date insufficient studies have followed standard WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme guidelines for repellent testing. There is a need for further standardized studies in order to better evaluate repellent compounds and develop new products that offer high repellency as well as good consumer safety. This paper presents a summary of recent information on testing, efficacy and safety of plant-based repellents as well as promising new developments in the field.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Insect repellents, repellent efficacy, insecticide, Mosquito, Malaria, Host-seeking mosquitoes, traditional repellent plants, ethnobotanical, natural products, plant ingredients
Subjects: Malaria > Diagnosis & treatment
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Biomedical
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2012 08:00
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2012 15:57
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/27

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