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The Changing Pattern of Ano-rectal Cancer, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Eye,and Hodgkin's Lymphoma as Non-AIDS-Defining Cancers, by HIV Status, in Tanzania Over 11 Years (2002-2012): A Retrospective Case-report Study

Meernik, C., Soliman, A. S., Ngoma, T., Kahesa, C., Mwaiselage, J. and Merajver, S. D. (2014) The Changing Pattern of Ano-rectal Cancer, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Eye,and Hodgkin's Lymphoma as Non-AIDS-Defining Cancers, by HIV Status, in Tanzania Over 11 Years (2002-2012): A Retrospective Case-report Study. Infectious Agents and Cancer. ISSN 1750-9378

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Abstract

This study was conducted at the Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI) in Dar es Salaam. All medical records of patients diagnosed with ano-rectal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the eye, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma between 2002 and 2012 were reviewed regarding HIV status, cancer clinical characteristics and management. Analysis was conducted to determine trends and proportions in these three NADCs and patient characteristics. We identified 980 NADCs. The relative proportion of these three NADCs at ORCI out of all cancers treated increased from 2.37% in 2002 to a peak of 4.34% in 2009. The prevalence of HIV in patients diagnosed with these NADCs also increased—from 6.67% in 2002 to 20.87% in 2010—and 85% of squamous cell carcinoma of the eye cancer patients with a reported HIV status were HIV-positive. The frequency and proportions of these three NADCs in Tanzania have increased over the past 11 years, as has the prevalence of HIV positivity amongst these NADC patients. The current and possibly increasing burden of NADCs in Tanzania and other low- and middleincome countries with high HIV rates should be a focus for future cancer prevention and control and HIV therapy programs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Non-AIDS-defining cancer, HIV, Tanzania, Squamous cell carcinoma of the eye, Ocean Road Cancer Institute
Subjects: Non-communicable disease (NCD) > Cancer
Divisions: Other
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2014 08:22
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2014 08:22
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/3011

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