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Gender Equitable Men’s Atitudes and Beliefs to Reduce HIV Risk and Gender- Based Violence in Tanzania

KAZAURA, M., EZEKIEL, M., CHITAMA, D. and MLANG’A, E. Gender Equitable Men’s Atitudes and Beliefs to Reduce HIV Risk and Gender- Based Violence in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 17 (1). ISSN 1821-9241

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Abstract

While the prevalence of HIV in adults has slightly decreased in recent years, the variations in prevalence and risks to infection among men and women persist. These variations are partly explained by the social and structural conditions that predispose both sexes to HIV infection. Due to psychological and physiological conditons, literature indicates that HIV and gender based violence including intimate violence are related. This study aimed to ases how atitudes and beliefs respond to the spread of HIV and gender-based violence (GBV) in Tanzania. We conducted a quasi-experimental study with a sample of 1,620 adult women and men; with an aproximate ratio of 1:2. A Gender Equitable Men’s scale was slightly modifed to capture various psychometric domains on HIV related gender norms and atitudes among women and men. We found a substantial higher proportion of men having positve gender equitable norms and consistently positive atitudes in al four domains (GBV, reproductive health and disease prevention, sexuality and domestic life and child care) we asesed on. Results from this study may probably imply that now men are taking positive roles in isues of domestic violence, reproductive health and disease prevention, sexuality and in domestic life and child care.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: HIV, Gender, Violence, Risk, Tanzania
Subjects: Equity, gender, social determinants
HIV > Surveillance
Divisions: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS)
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2015 06:54
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2015 06:54
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/3039

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