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Antiretroviral Treatment Coverage in a Rural District in Tanzania--a Modeling Study Using Empirical Data.

Levira, F., Agnarson, A. M., Masanja, H., Zaba, B., Ekström, A. M. and Thorson, A. (2015) Antiretroviral Treatment Coverage in a Rural District in Tanzania--a Modeling Study Using Empirical Data. BMC public health, 15. p. 195. ISSN 1471-2458

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The Tanzanian Government started scaling up its antiretroviral treatment (ART) program from referral, regional and district hospitals to primary health care facilities in October 2004. In 2010, most ART clinics were decentralized to primary health facilities. ART coverage, i.e. people living with HIV (PLHIV) on combination treatment as a proportion of those in need of treatment, provides the basis for evaluating the efficiency of ART programs at national and district level. We aimed to evaluate adult ART and pre-ART care coverage by age and sex at CD4 09< 09200, < 350 and all PLHIV in the Rufiji district of Tanzania from 2006 to 2010. The numbers of people on ART and pre-ART care were obtained from routinely aggregated, patient-level, cohort data from care and treatment centers in the district. We used ALPHA model to predict the number in need of pre-ART care and ART by age and sex at CD4 09< 09200 and 09< 09350. Adult ART coverage among PLHIV increased from 2.9% in 2006 to 17.6% in 2010. In 2010, coverage was 20% for women and 14.8% for men. ART coverage was 30.2% and 38.7% in 2010 with reference to CD4 criteria of 350 and 200 respectively. In 2010, ART coverage was 0 and 3.4% among young people aged 15-19 and 20-24 respectively. ART coverage among females aged 35-39 and 40-44 was 30.6 and 35% respectively in 2010. Adult pre-ART care coverage for PLHIV of CD4 09< 09350 increased from 5% in 2006 to 37.7% in 2010. The age-sex coverage patterns for pre-ART care were similar to ART coverage for both CD4 of 200 and 350 over the study period. ART coverage in the Rufiji district is unevenly distributed and far from the universal coverage target of 80%, in particular among young men. The findings in 2010 are close to the most recent estimates of ART coverage in 2013. To strive for universal coverage, both the recruitment of new eligible individuals to pre-ART and ART and the successful retention of those already on ART in the program need to be prioritized.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: AIDS, ART, ARV, Coverage, HIV, Antiretroviral, Treatment, Tanzania, Rufiji
Subjects: HIV > Treatment
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Impact Evaluation
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2015 06:23
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2015 06:23

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