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Insecticide Resistance Testing in Malaria Vectors in Tanzania: Challenges in Mosquito Sampling and Rearing under Field Conditions

Emidi, B., Kabula, B., Tungu, P., Massaga, J. and Kisinza, W. (2015) Insecticide Resistance Testing in Malaria Vectors in Tanzania: Challenges in Mosquito Sampling and Rearing under Field Conditions. Rwanda Journal of Health Sciences, 2 (1). ISSN 2226-728X

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Abstract

The National Institute for Medical Research, Amani centre, in collaboration with National Malaria Control Programme, has been conducting annual insecticide resistance surveillance since 1999, aimed at early detection of resistance to insecticides used for malaria control in Tanzania. The Standard WHO method for larvae collection and rearing were used but challenges and limitations were encountered. For example rearing the larvae and adult mosquitoes using the Standard WHO method experienced 100% mortality for larvae; and adults in three days. The researchers therefore made modifications to the Standard WHO method to create suitable tools for the field environment. A ladle was created from an empty water bottle in which an oval hole longitudinally cut halfway from the bottom. Instead of using TetraMin as mosquito larval food, green algae were collected from mosquito breeding sites and used as larval food. Improvised heater of charcoal stoves and humidifier of wet fabric such as “Kanga” and “Kitenge” were also used. There was 90% larval survival, adult mosquito survived much better and the scientists had a total of 467 mosquitoes to run the insecticide susceptibility tests. Innovative ways are necessary under field conditions for mosquito breeding in susceptibility studies.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Malaria, Anopheles gambiae complex, Larvae, Fabric, Resistance, Susceptibility, Tanzania.
Subjects: Malaria > Vector control
Divisions: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2016 05:54
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2016 05:54
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/3416

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