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High Malaria Prevalence among Schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania.

Kim, M.-J., Jung, B.-K., Chai, J.-Y., Eom, K. S., Yong, T.-S., Min, D.-Y., Siza, J. E., Kaatano, G. M., Kuboza, J., Mnyeshi, P., Changalucha, J. M., Ko, Y., Chang, S. Y. and Rim, H.-J. (2015) High Malaria Prevalence among Schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania. The Korean journal of parasitology, 53 (5). pp. 571-4. ISSN 1738-0006

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Abstract

In order to determine the status of malaria among schoolchildren on Kome Island (Lake Victoria), near Mwanza, Tanzania, a total of 244 schoolchildren in 10 primary schools were subjected to a blood survey using the fingerprick method. The subjected schoolchildren were 123 boys and 121 girls who were 6-8 years of age. Only 1 blood smear was prepared for each child. The overall prevalence of malaria was 38.1% (93 positives), and sex difference was not remarkable. However, the positive rate was the highest in Izindabo Primary School (51.4%) followed by Isenyi Primary School (48.3%) and Bugoro Primary School (46.7%). The lowest prevalence was found in Muungano Primary School (16.7%) and Nyamiswi Primary School (16.7%). These differences were highly correlated with the location of the school on the Island; those located in the peripheral area revealed higher prevalences while those located in the central area showed lower prevalences. Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant species (38.1%; 93/244), with a small proportion of them mixed-infected with Plasmodium vivax (1.6%; 4/244). The results revealed that malaria is highly prevalent among primary schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania, and there is an urgent need to control malaria in this area.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Malaria, High Prevalence, Schoolchildren, Kome Island (Victoria Lake), Tanzania
Subjects: Malaria > Surveillance, monitoring, evaluation
Divisions: National Institute for Medical Research
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2016 06:02
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2016 06:02
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/3449

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