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Ending Neglect: Providing Effective Childhood Tuberculosis Training for Health Care Workers in Tanzania.

Adams, L. V., Olotu, R., Talbot, E. A., Cronin, B. J., Christopher, R. and Mkomwa, Z. (2014) Ending Neglect: Providing Effective Childhood Tuberculosis Training for Health Care Workers in Tanzania. Public health action, 4 (4). pp. 233-7. ISSN 2220-8372

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Health care facilities in Dar es Salaam, Pwani, and Arusha, Tanzania. To assess health care worker (HCW) knowledge and practices 1 year after specialized training in childhood tuberculosis (TB). Using a standardized survey, we interviewed a convenience sample of HCWs providing both general and specialized care to children. We interviewed 117 HCWs in TB clinics, maternal and child health clinics, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinics, out-patient departments, and pediatric in-patient wards at 12 facilities. A total of 81 HCWs (62% of nurses, 74% of clinicians) reported having attended the national childhood TB training course. Most HCWs responded correctly to questions on childhood TB diagnosis, treatment, and TB-HIV co-management, regardless of training history. Most HCWs reported that they routinely obtain chest radiographs, HIV testing, and a TB contact history when evaluating children for TB. Less than half of HCWs reported routinely obtaining sputum for mycobacterial culture or performing a tuberculin skin test. Three times as many trained as untrained HCWs reported having ever prescribed isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) to a child (P < 0.05). In general, levels of childhood TB knowledge were high and practices were in accordance with national guidance. Specific gaps in diagnosis, treatment and use of IPT were identified for future focused training.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: tuberculosis, HIV, pediatrics, Evaluation, Tanzania
Subjects: Tuberculosis > Surveillance
Divisions: Other
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2016 05:54
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2016 05:54

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