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Glycaemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus among Children and Adolescents in a Resource Limited Setting in Dar es Salaam - Tanzania.

Noorani, M., Ramaiya, K. and Manji, K. (2016) Glycaemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus among Children and Adolescents in a Resource Limited Setting in Dar es Salaam - Tanzania. BMC endocrine disorders, 16 (1). p. 29. ISSN 1472-6823

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Abstract

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is a rapidly growing problem in Tanzania. Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes have previously been found to have poor glycaemic control and high prevalence of complications. Strict glycaemic control reduces the incidence and progression of chronic complications. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with glycaemic control among children and adolescents. A cross sectional study was done at the diabetes clinic for children and adolescents. Data on socioeconomic, demographic and diabetes specific variables including adherence, diabetes knowledge, caregivers knowledge and their involvement in the care of the child was obtained. Glycaemic control was assessed by measuring glycosylated hemoglobin. (HbA1C). Linear regression analysis was done to determine factors associated with glycaemic control. Seventy-five participants were recruited into the study (51 % males). The mean HbA1c was 11.1 ± 2.1 %. Children aged <10 years were found to have a significantly better glycaemic control (9.8 %) as compared to 10-14 year olds (11.5 %) and >14 year olds (11.4 %) (P value = 0.022). Sixty-eight percent of patients had good adherence to insulin while adherence to blood glucose monitoring regimen was 48 % and to diet control was 28 %. Younger age, having the mother as the primary caregiver, better caregiver knowledge of diabetes, better adherence to blood glucose monitoring regimen and diabetes duration of less than 1 year were associated with better glycaemic control. In multivariate analysis, age, adherence to blood glucose monitoring regimen and the mother as the primary caregiver were found to independently predict glycaemic control (R(2) = 0.332, p value = 0.00). Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes in Dar es Salaam have poor glycaemic control. In order to improve metabolic control, adherence to blood glucose monitoring should be encouraged and caregivers encouraged to participate in care of their children especially the adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adherence, Adolescents, Children, Glycaemic control, Tanzania, Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Subjects: Non-communicable disease (NCD) > Diabetes
Divisions: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS)
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2016 08:09
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2016 08:09
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/3813

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