United Nations Childrens Fund, U. Vitamin & Mineral Deficiency:a global damage assessment report. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)
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Iodine deﬁciency is estimated to have lowered the intellectual capacity of almost all of the nations reviewed by as much as 10 to 15 percentage points. Iron deﬁciency in the 6-to-24 month age group is impairing the mental development of 40% to 60% of the developing world’s children. Vitamin A deﬁciency is compromising the immune systems of approximately 40% of the developing world’s under-ﬁves and leading to the early deaths of an estimated one million young children each year. Iodine deﬁciency in pregnancy is causing as many as 20 million babies a year to be born mentally impaired. Folate deﬁciency is causing approximately 200,000 severe birth defects every year and is associated with approximately 1 in every 10 adult deaths from heart disease. Severe iron deﬁciency anaemia is causing the deaths of an estimated 50,000 young women a year in pregnancy and childbirth. Iron deﬁciency in adults is so widespread that it is lowering the energies of nations and the productivity of workforces – with estimated losses of up to 2% of GDP in the worst affected countries. “Vitamin and mineral deﬁciencies,” says the World Bank “impose high economic costs on virtually every developing nation.” In practice, vitamin and mineral deﬁciencies overlap and interact. Half of children with VMD are suffering from multiple deﬁciencies – adding up an immeasurable burden on individuals, on health services, on education systems, and on millions of families caring for children who are disabled or mentally impaired.
|Keywords:||Vitamin, Mineral Deficiency, Africa|
|Subjects:||Nutrition & food security > Food security|
|Depositing User:||Mr Joseph Madata|
|Date Deposited:||04 Mar 2013 06:25|
|Last Modified:||04 Mar 2013 06:25|
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