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Implementing Demand Side Targeting Mechanisms for Maternal and Child Health-experiences from National Health Insurance Fund Program in Rungwe District, Tanzania.

Kuwawenaruwa, A., Mtei, G., Baraka, J. and Tani, K. (2016) Implementing Demand Side Targeting Mechanisms for Maternal and Child Health-experiences from National Health Insurance Fund Program in Rungwe District, Tanzania. Globalization and health, 12 (1). p. 41. ISSN 1744-8603

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Abstract

Low and middle income countries have adopted targeting mechanisms as a means of increasing program efficiency in reaching marginalized people in the community given the available resources. Design of targeting mechanisms has been changing over time and it is important to understand implementers' experience with such targeting mechanisms since such mechanisms impact equity in access and use of maternal health care services. The case study approach was considered as appropriate method for exploring implementers' and decision-makers' experiences with the two targeting mechanisms. In-depth interviews in order to explore implementer experience with the two targeting mechanisms. A total of 10 in-depth interviews (IDI) and 4 group discussions (GDs) were conducted with implementers at national level, regional, district and health care facility level. A thematic analysis approach was adopted during data analysis. The whole process of screening and identifying poor pregnant women resulted in delay in implementation of the intervention. Individual targeting was perceived to have some form of stigmatization; hence beneficiaries did not like to be termed as poor. Geographical targeting had a few cons as health care providers experienced an increase in workload while staff remained the same and poor quality of information in the claim forms. However geographical targeting increase in the number of women going to higher level of care (district/regional referral hospital), increase in facility revenue and insurance coverage. Interventions which are using targeting mechanisms to reach poor people are useful in increasing access and use of health care services for marginalized communities so long as they are well designed and beneficiaries as well as all implementers and decision makers are involved from the very beginning. Implementation of demand side financing strategies using targeting mechanisms should go together with supply side interventions in order to achieve project objectives.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Insurance, Demand-side-financing, Equity, Individual and geographical targeting mechanism, Tanzania
Subjects: Health Systems > Health financing & economics
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Health Systems
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 10:05
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 10:05
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/3890

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