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Experiences, Perceptions and Attitudes of Religious Leaders and Parents Regarding Condom Promotion for HIV Infection Prevention: A Qualitative Study from Tanzania

Mubyazi, G. M., Exavery, A., Malebo, H. M., Makundi, E. A., Malekia, S. E., Wiketye, V., Mushi, A. K., Msovela, J., Kafuye, M. Y., Ogondiek, J. W., Maswanya, E., Tenu, F., Ikingura, J. K., Mziray, A., Ruta, A. S., Garimo, A., Malecela, M. N. and Massaga, J. J. (2016) Experiences, Perceptions and Attitudes of Religious Leaders and Parents Regarding Condom Promotion for HIV Infection Prevention: A Qualitative Study from Tanzania. SM Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology. ISSN 2473-0661

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Abstract

Immense literature reports that condoms’ demand, distribution, and actual utilization are often constrained by social-cultural, psychological and supply factors. This article reports a qualitative study of the experiences, perceptions and attitudes of religious leaders and parents in relation to condom promotion in Tanzania. In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) with religions leaders and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with parents were conducted in Mpwapwa and Mbeya Rural districts between November 2011 and June 2012. FGD and IDI were tape recorded for later transcription verbatim. Transcribed reports supplemented with handwritten field notes were analyzed both manually and with help of NVIVO software. Mixed opinions were obtained from IDIs and FGDs on about the issue of condom promotion through mass media and school health programs. A few religious leaders and majority of non-Catholic parents partly supported the existing condom promotion strategies, contrary to Catholic and Islamic faith leaders who strongly opposed. All IDI and FGD participants seemed to appreciate that young children were already aware of what sex is and therefore like adults children have the right to information concerning HIV prevention including the issue of condom use. However, the majority were not in favor of health education targeting young children on condom use campaigns on ground that doing so exposes and tempts young and virgin children to premature sexual behaviors. Meanwhile, encouraging adult people to use condoms also was perceived as promoting promiscuity behaviors. Condom advocates should maintain dialogue with religious leaders and faith adherents if they expect to overcome the challenge of dogmas prohibiting condom usage during sex by arriving at a mutual understanding of the benefits of condom use.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Condom acceptability, HIV/AIDS, Condom demand, Adolescent health
Subjects: HIV > Prevention
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Health Systems
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 10:05
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 10:05
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/3904

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