Ministry of Health,Tanzania, (M.) and Family Care International , (F.) Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health:Report on an Assessment and Review of Training Materials. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)
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Young people in Tanzania face a range of serious reproductive health risks – from early unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. These reproductive health problems do not only have an immediate impact on the lives and well being of young people, but also contribute to long-term pattern of high fertility, poverty, dependency and poor socio-economic development. In recognition of the extent of adolescent health problems, the Government of Tanzania has initiated an effort to address young people’s needs for reproductive health information, counseling and services. To guide improved adolescent sexual and reproductive health programming, the Reproductive and Child Health Section (RCHS) of the Ministry of Health, with technical assistance from Family Care International (FCI) and financial assistance from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), launched an effort to assess and review training curricula and related resource materials that are available in Ta nzania and internationally. Specific objectives of the Assessment were: To provide an overview of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) training curricula that is available in Tanzania and at the international level. To identify priorities for curriculum development in Tanzania. To recommend training materials that could be used as models for developing national training curricula for various target audiences. Through interviews with key ASRH stakeholders in Tanzania and literature reviews, a
range of training materials were identified and reviewed. Materials were analyzed by target user and audience as well as by content and depth of coverage. The Assessment and Review served to illuminate critical ASRH issues that need to be addressed through training programmes for those working with youth. In addition, the Assessment highlighted key gaps in available curricula. Based on the Assessment findings, priorities for curriculum development include. An in-service training curriculum for orienting health service providers. The Assessment revealed that there are few materials for orienting service providers to youth friendly service delivery. Therefore, a standardized curriculum is needed to guide in-service training of facility-based health staff, as well as school-based health workers, outreach workers, lay counselors and other community-based providers in adolescent sexual and reproductive health counseling and service delivery. A comprehensive peer education training manual. Many organizations working with peer educators have developed training curricula, and there is considerable variety in the content and quality of these resources. To ensure the content and quality of peer education programmes for youth, it is recommended that a comprehensive peer education manual be developed, which could be used for training various types of peer educators and youth counselors (i.e. those working with in-school adolescents, those working with out-of-school adolescents, etc). Curricula and teaching aids for primary and secondary schools. Although the Ministry of Education and Culture has begun developing syllabi to guide implementation of the Family Life Education Programme in primary and secondary schools, teachers need more detailed curricula, reference materials and teaching aids to successfully carry out this important education programme. In developing the above curricula, it is recommended that special emphasis be placed on designing training resources comprised of separate training modules – modules that can be used either separately or together, depending on the specific training needs of various audiences. For example, the curriculum for service providers should include separate modules on adolescent sexual and reproductive health, information and counseling, and service provision to young people. While all tree modules would be used in training service providers, select modules could be used to train lay counselors and outreach workers. Similarly, the comprehensive training manual for peer educators should include separate modules on topics, such as adolescent sexual and reproductive health, facilitation and peer education skills, and working with different target audiences – in school adolescents, out-of-school youth, and parents and other adults – to ensure that peer education programmes could use the specific modules that are appropriate to their outreach efforts.The Assessment revealed that a large number of training curricula and related materials exist to support adolescent sexual and reproductive health initiatives in Tanzania. Although none of these resources is precisely suited to meet the above-mentioned gaps,many of the existing materials contain excellent content, which should be used as the basis for developing standardized national curricula.
|Keywords:||Reproductive Health, HIV/AIDS, Child Health, Abortion, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Tanzania|
|Subjects:||Health Systems > Health Information systems
Sexual & Reproductive Health > Sexually transmitted infections
|Divisions:||Ministry of Health and Social Welfare|
|Depositing User:||Mr Joseph Madata|
|Date Deposited:||04 Mar 2013 06:24|
|Last Modified:||04 Mar 2013 06:24|
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