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Prevalence, Severity and Early Outcomes of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy among Newborns at a Tertiary Hospital, in Northern Tanzania.

Simiyu, I. N., Mchaile, D. N., Katsongeri, K., Philemon, R. N. and Msuya, S. E. (2017) Prevalence, Severity and Early Outcomes of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy among Newborns at a Tertiary Hospital, in Northern Tanzania. BMC pediatrics, 17 (1). p. 131. ISSN 1471-2431

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Abstract

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) remains a problem of great concern worldwide especially in developing countries. The occurrence of a neurological syndrome can be an indicator of insult to the brain. We aimed to determine the prevalence, HIE proportions, neurological signs and early outcomes of newborns that developed birth asphyxia at KCMC Tanzania. A prospective study was conducted at KCMC from November 2014 to April 2015 among newborns with birth asphyxia. Sarnat and Sarnat score was used to assess newborns immediately after birth to classify HIE and were later followed daily for 7 days or until discharge. Of the 1752 deliveries during the study period, 11.5% (n = 201) had birth asphyxia. Of the 201 newborns, 187 had HIE. Of these 187 with HIE; 39.0% had moderate HIE and 10.2% had severe HIE according to the Sarnat and Sarnat classification. Neurological signs that were observed during the study period were; weak/absent reflexes (46.0%), hypotonia (43.3%) and lethargy (42.2%). Mortality was 9.1% among the 187 newborns with HIE. Mortality was higher among newborns with severe HIE 84.2% (16/19) compared to those with moderate HIE 1.4% (1/73). On the 7th day after delivery, 17.1% (32/187) of the newborns did not show any change from the initial score at delivery. Prevalence of birth asphyxia is high in our setting and most of the newborns (49%) end up with moderate/severe HIE. Good obstetric care and immediate resuscitation of newborns are vital in reducing the occurrence of HIE and improving the general outcome of newborns.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, HIE, Birth asphyxia, Neuro-muscular signs, Neonates, Early outcomes, Tanzania
Subjects: Non-communicable disease (NCD) > Mental Health (psycho-social health & wellbeing)
Divisions: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2017 07:52
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2017 07:52
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/4219

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