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Pediatric HIV Care and Treatment Services in Tanzania: Implications for Survival.

Somi, G., Majigo, M., Manyahi, J., Nondi, J., Agricola, J., Sambu, V., Todd, J., Rwebembera, A., Makyao, N., Ramadhani, A. and Matee, M. (2017) Pediatric HIV Care and Treatment Services in Tanzania: Implications for Survival. BMC health services research, 17 (1). p. 540. ISSN 1472-6963

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Abstract

Improving child survival for HIV-infected children remains an important health agenda. We present progress regarding care and treatment services to HIV infected children in Tanzania. The National AIDS Control Programme Care and Treatment (CTC 2) database was used to obtain information of all children aged 0-14yearsenrolled in the HIV Care and Treatment Program between January 2011 and December 2014. We assessed eligibility for ART, time from enrolment to ART initiation, nutritional status, and mortality using Kaplan-Meier methods. A total of 29,531 (14,304 boys and 15,227 girls) ART-naive children aged 0-14 years were enrolled during the period, approximately 6700 to 8000 children per year. The male to female ratio was 48:50. At enrolment 72% were eligible for ART, 2-3% of children were positive for TB, and 2-4% were severely malnourished. Between 2011 and 2014, 2368 (8%) died, 9243 (31%) were Lost to Follow-up and 17,920 (61%) were on care or ART. The probability of death was 31% (95% CI 26-35), 43% (40-47), 52% (49-55) and 61% (58-64) by 1,2, 5 and 10 years of age, respectively. The hazard of death was greatest at very young ages (<2 years old), and decreased sharply by 4 years old. Children who were on ART had around 10-15% higher survival over time. Significant progress has been made regarding provision of paediatric HIV care and treatment in Tanzania. On average 7000 children are enrolled annually, and that approximately two thirds of children diagnosed under the age of 2 years were initiated on ART within a month. Provision of ART as soon as the child is diagnosed is the biggest factor in improving survival. However we noted that i) most children had advanced disease at the time of enrolment ii) approximately two-thirds of children were missing a baseline CD4 measurement and only 35% of children had either a CD4 count or percentage recorded, indicating limited access to CD4 testing services, and iii) 31% were lost to follow-up (LTFU). These challenges need to be addressed to improve early detection, enrolment and retention of HIV-infected children into care and improve documentation of services offered.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: RT, Care, Children, Enrolment, HIV, Mortality, Survival
Subjects: HIV > Treatment
HIV > PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission)
Divisions: National Institute for Medical Research
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2017 19:12
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2017 19:12
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/4249

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