Nanda, P. (2002) Gender Dimensions of User Fees:Implications For Women's Utilization of Health Care. Reproductive Health Matters, 10 (20). pp. 127-134. ISSN 0968-8080
ihi_(37).pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.
This paper looks at the implications of user fees for women’s utilization of health care services, based on selected studies in Africa. Lack of access to resources and inequitable decision-making power mean that when poor women face out-of-pocket costs such as user fees when seeking health care, the cost of care may become out of reach. Even though many poor women may be exempt from fees, there is little incentive for providers to apply exemptions, as they too are constrained by restrictive economic and health service conditions. If user fees and other out-of-pocket costs are to be retained in resource-poor settings, there is a need to demonstrate how they can be successfully and equitably implemented. The lack of hard evidence on the impact of user fees on women’s health outcomes and reproductive health service utilization reminds us of the urgent need to examine how women cope with health care costs and what trade-offs they make in order to pay for health care. Such studies need to collect gender-disaggregated data in relation to women’s health service utilization and in relation to the range of reproductive health services, taking into account not only out-of-pocket fees charged by public health providers but also by private and traditional providers.
|Keywords:||Gender, Women,Health Care, cost of health care,|
|Subjects:||Health Systems > Community Health|
|Depositing User:||Mr Joseph Madata|
|Date Deposited:||11 Sep 2012 09:08|
|Last Modified:||11 Sep 2012 09:08|
Actions (login required)
Downloads per month over past year