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The Africa Malaria Report 2003

World Health Organization, (2003) The Africa Malaria Report 2003. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This report – the first of its kind – takes stock of the malaria situation and of continuing efforts to tackle the disease in Africa; it is based on a review of the best information available to WHO and UNICEF, from sample surveys and routine reports, at the end of 2002. Malaria continues to be a major impediment to health in Africa south of the Sahara, where it frequently takes its greatest toll on very young children and pregnant women. Because malaria is such a common disease and well known to the people it affects most, and because many of those who become sick with malaria do not visit health care facilities, assessing the size of the problem, and how it is changing over time, is an enormous challenge. New analyses confirm that malaria is a principal cause of at least one-fifth of all young child deaths in Africa. The latest available data on outpatient visits and on hospital admissions and deaths due to malaria
confirm that this disease makes substantial demands on Africa’s fragile health infrastructure. In endemic countries, as many as one-third of all clinic visits and at least a quarter of all hospital admissions are for
malaria. In some countries, these data suggest that illness due to malaria has increased over the past decade; in others, the size of the problem has remained constant. No country in Africa south of the Sahara for which data are available shows a substantial decline. Additional information on trends in malaria mortality is available for an increasing number of countries with “demographic surveillance systems”. These sources indicate that the number of children dying of malaria rose substantially in eastern and southern Africa during the first half of the past decade compared with the 1980s. In west Africa over the same period there was little change in the overall malaria mortality rate in children.
In summary, the burden of sickness and death due to malaria remained high in Africa south of the Sahara during the 1990s and increased in most countries in the eastern and southern part of the continent. Monitoring systems cannot yet reliably track changes in indicators of the burden of malaria, particularly malaria mortality, on a yearly basis. The high burden of malaria in Africa, and the increasing burden in some parts of the continent during the 1990s, is not an indication that the intensified efforts to control the disease over the past few years have had no impact. The full impact on malaria sickness and death of the recent efforts to accelerate malaria control described in this report will be measurable
only some years after high coverage of interventions is achieved. It is possible that the start of intensified control efforts coincided with increasing malaria mortality, meaning that – without them – the situation might have been substantially worse than is now reported. The strengthening of malaria
surveillance and monitoring needs to be given priority in parallel with efforts to control malaria.
The 2000 Summit on Roll Back Malaria, held in Abuja, endorsed a “shortlist” of relatively inexpensive malaria control interventions already available and known to be effective. Partners in the Roll Back Malaria effort, which include governments of malaria-endemic countries, donor governments, international organizations, the private sector, and civil society bodies, have supported the
introduction of these interventions.

Item Type: Other
Keywords: Malaria, Africa, Malaria Situation in Africa, children, pregnant women
Subjects: Malaria > Surveillance, monitoring, evaluation
Divisions: Other
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2012 10:05
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2012 09:36
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/503

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