ehealth digital library

Digital library of
the Tanzania
health
community

Transmission of HIV-1 infection in sub-Saharan Africa and effect of elimination of unsafe injections

Schmid, P.G., Buve, A., Mugyenyi, P., Garnet, P.G., Hayes, J.T., Williams, G.B., Calleja, J. G., Cock, M.D. K., Whitworth, A.J., Kapiga, H.S., Ghys, D.P., Hankins, C., Zaba, B., Heimer, R. and Boerma, J.T. (2004) Transmission of HIV-1 infection in sub-Saharan Africa and effect of elimination of unsafe injections. Public Health, 363 (9407). pp. 482-488.

[img]
Preview
PDF
ihi_(126).pdf - Published Version

Download (110kB)

Abstract

During the past year, a group has argued that unsafe injections are a major if not the main mode of HIV-1 transmission
in sub-Saharan Africa. We review the main arguments used to question the epidemiological interpretations on the lead
role of unsafe sex in HIV-1 transmission, and conclude there is no compelling evidence that unsafe injections are a
predominant mode of HIV-1 transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. Conversely, though there is a clear need to eliminate
all unsafe injections, epidemiological evidence indicates that sexual transmission continues to be by far the major
mode of spread of HIV-1 in the region. Increased efforts are needed to reduce sexual transmission of HIV-1.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: HIV transmission, HIV-1 infection, Sub-saharan Africa, unsafe injections
Subjects: HIV > Surveillance
HIV > Prevention
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Biomedical
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2012 09:43
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2012 09:43
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/515

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics