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Association of Body Mass Index of HIV-1-Infected Pregnant Women and Infant Weight, Body Mass Index, Length, and Head Circumference: The NISDI Perinatal Study.

Cruz, M. L. S., Harris, D. R., Read, J. S., Mussi-Pinhata, M. M. and Succi, R. C. M. (2007) Association of Body Mass Index of HIV-1-Infected Pregnant Women and Infant Weight, Body Mass Index, Length, and Head Circumference: The NISDI Perinatal Study. Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.), 27 (11). pp. 685-691. ISSN 1879-0739 (In Press)

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Abstract

This study assessed the relationship between the body mass index (BMI) of HIV-1-infected women and their infants' perinatal outcomes. The study population consisted of women enrolled in the NICHD International Site Development Initiative (NISDI) Perinatal Study with data allowing calculation of the BMI adjusted for length of gestation (adjBMI), who delivered singleton infants. Outcome variables included infant growth parameters at birth (weight, BMI, length and head circumference) and gestational age. Of 697 women from Argentina, the Bahamas, Brazil and Mexico who were included in the analysis, the adjBMI was classified as underweight for 109 (15.6%), normal for 418 (60.0%), overweight for 88 (12.6%) and obese for 82 (11.8%). Median infant birth weight, BMI, birth length and head circumference differed significantly according to maternal adjBMI (P</=0.0002). Underweight mothers gave birth to infants with lower weight, lower BMI, shorter length and smaller head circumference, while infants born to normal, overweight and obese mothers were of similar size.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: maternal health, BMI, low birth weight, preterm, HIV-exposed infants, HIV-infected pregnant women
Subjects: HIV > PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission)
Divisions: Other
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 07:47
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2012 07:47
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/685

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