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Rationalizing Historical Successes of Malaria Control in Africa in Terms of Mosquito Resource Availability Management.

Killeen, G. F., Seyoum, A. and Knols, B. G. J. (2004) Rationalizing Historical Successes of Malaria Control in Africa in Terms of Mosquito Resource Availability Management. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 71 (2 Supp). pp. 87-93. ISSN 0002-9637

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Abstract

Environmental management of mosquito resources is a promising approach with which to control malaria, but it has seen little application in Africa for more than half a century. Here we present a kinetic model of mosquito foraging for aquatic habitats and vertebrate hosts that allows estimation of malaria transmission intensity by defining the availability of these resources as the rate at which individual mosquitoes encounter and use them. The model captures historically observed responses of malaria transmission to environmental change, highlights important gaps in current understanding of vector ecology, and suggests convenient solutions. Resource availability is an intuitive concept that provides an adaptable framework for models of mosquito population dynamics, gene flow, and pathogen transmission that can be conveniently parameterized with direct field measurements. Furthermore, the model presented predicts that drastic reductions of malaria transmission are possible with environmental management and elucidates an ecologic basis for previous successes of integrated malaria control in Africa before the advent of DDT or chloroquine. Environmental management for malaria control requires specialist skills that are currently lacking in sub-Saharan Africa where they are needed most. Infrastructure and human capacity building in clinical, public health, and environmental disciplines should therefore be prioritized so that growing financial support for tackling malaria can be translated into truly integrated control programs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Malaria; Mosquito;Management;Africa
Subjects: Malaria > Surveillance, monitoring, evaluation
Divisions: Ifakara Health Institute > Interventions
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2012 10:31
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2012 10:31
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/760

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