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National AIDS Control Programme:AIDS Surveillance,Report No.4

Swai, R.O., H.A.G.H, V. A., Teye, U.B., Shayo, P. and Kulaya, A. (1991) National AIDS Control Programme:AIDS Surveillance,Report No.4. Technical Report. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This report covers the status of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Tanzania main land by December 1990, and contains updated figures since the third report of August 1990. Moreover, data were analyzed more in depth, to reveal any trends. Maps on AIDS cases and HIV prevalence have been added as well. Figures from various sources all indicate that the HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to increase at alarming rates throughout Tanzania. Two groups are of particular importance : Antenatal clinic attenders and adolescents: Among pregnant women, attending Antenatal clinics in Mbeya, Mwanza and Bukoba region, the percentage HIV-positive women has increased from 10% to 16% (Mbeya) and from 8% to 14% (Mwanza) in little over a year. In Bukoba the percentage of infected women rose from 20.8 to 23.3. The effect on the infant mortality rate will be considerable : as 30% of children born to these women will die from AIDS within the first few years of their life, up to 5% of newborns (50 per 1,000) in Mwanza and Mbeya towns are expected to die from AIDS. Children escaping infection with HIV(up to 11%) are unlikely to have a mother (or any parent) still alive by the end of the century. Although a similar situation might not prevail throughout the country, data from bloodtransfusion services throughout the country suggest that the problem is virtually nationwide. As previously reported, a second group of great concern are adolesccents (15-19 year old) : data from blood donors show an alarming increase among the 15-19 and 20-24 year agegroups. Among 15-19 year old, the percentage seropositives was 0.0% in 1987,increased rapidly thereafter, and has reached fivefold from 1.6% to 8.2% between 1987 and 1990. Further analysis revealed that the situation among adolescents was more serious for girls than boys. In the light of these facts, there remains an urgent need to review programme strategies, in order to come up with interventions which will bring trends to a halt. Projections of AIDS Cases reported during the 1990’s are presented as well. Even if transmission of HIV would cease as from now, from the estimated number of approx. 800,000 HIV infected persons 450,000 will develop AIDS during the remainder of this decade. If transmission continues up to 1995 at a rate of 1% new HIV infections per year, 750,000 will have developed AIDS by the year 2,000.

Item Type: Report (Technical Report)
Keywords: HIV/AIDS;Antenatal;Adolescents;Infant Mortality;Tanzania
Subjects: HIV > Surveillance
Divisions: Ministry of Health and Social Welfare
Depositing User: Mr Joseph Madata
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2012 08:23
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2012 08:23
URI: http://ihi.eprints.org/id/eprint/806

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